Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Detection and Frequency of Enterotoxin (cpa,cpe) Genes of Clostridium perfringens Isolated from Dehydrated Vegetables by PCR

(2021) Detection and Frequency of Enterotoxin (cpa,cpe) Genes of Clostridium perfringens Isolated from Dehydrated Vegetables by PCR. Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research. pp. 63-67. ISSN 2676-6264

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Clostridium perfringens is an anaerobic bacterium, commonly present in retail foods. Its enterotoxin-producing ability, short generation time, ability to grow at elevated temperatures, and spore-forming ability, allows it to survive in food-processing temperatures, and cause foodborne illness. The aim of study was to screen dehydrated vegetables contaminated with cpe and cpa carrying C.perfringens. Materials and Methods: This is descriptive-analytical study, was carried out on 140 samples (70 unpacked and  70 packed) dehydrated vegetables collected from different areas of Tehran. Samples were inoculated on peptone and sulfite polymyxin sulfadiazine (SPS) agar for enrichment. The enrichment culture was then incubated on anaerobic condition for 48 hours. The black colonies were selected for identification test and PCR. The bacterial colonies were identified by biochemical tests, and duplex PCR was performed for α-toxin (cpa) and enterotoxin (cpe) genes. Results: In general 13 samples (9.3) were identified as C. perfringens using phenotypic methods, all of the isolates were also positive for cpa but negative for cpe gene. The contamination rate for packed vegetables was 12.8 and for unpacked was 5.7. Conclusion: Our finding showed that contamination of packed dehydrated vegetables was higher than unpacked; this might be due to drying as well as packaging process. We found that these isolates were negative for enterotoxin.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Clostridium perfringens, Dehydrated Vegetables, Enterotoxin
Divisions: vice research > Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research
Page Range: pp. 63-67
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research
Volume: 29
Number: 133
Publisher: Zanjan University of Medical Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.30699/jambs.29.133.63
ISSN: 2676-6264
Depositing User: خانم فرزانه محمودوند
URI: http://repository.zums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7780

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