Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Neuroprotective Effects of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Bilateral Common Carotid Arteries Occlusion Model of Cerebral Ischemia in Rat

(2016) Neuroprotective Effects of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Bilateral Common Carotid Arteries Occlusion Model of Cerebral Ischemia in Rat. Behavioural Neurology. p. 10. ISSN 0953-4180

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Abstract

Cell therapy is the most advanced treatment of the cerebral ischemia, nowadays. Herein, we discuss the neuroprotective effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on rat hippocampal cells following intravenous injection of these cells in an ischemia-reperfusion model. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups: control, sham (surgery without blockage of common carotid arteries), ischemia (common carotid arteries were blocked for 30 min prior to reperfusion), vehicle (7 days after ischemia PBS was injected via the tail vein), and treatment (injections of BMSC into the tail veins 7 days after ischemia). We performed neuromuscular and vestibulomotor function tests to assess behavioral function and, finally, brains were subjected to hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), anti-Brdu immunohistochemistry, and TUNEL staining. The ischemia group had severe apoptosis. The group treated with BMSCs had a lower mortality rate and also had significant improvement in functional recovery (P < 0.001). Ischemia-reperfusion for 30 min causes damage and extensive neuronal death in the hippocampus, especially in CA1 and CA3 regions, leading to several functional and neurological deficits. In conclusion, intravenous injection of BMSCs can significantly decrease the number of apoptotic neurons and significantly improve functional recovery, which may be a beneficial treatment method for ischemic injuries.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: SPINAL-CORD-INJURY TRAUMATIC BRAIN-INJURY STROMAL CELLS NEUROLOGICAL DISEASES CONTUSION MODEL GROWTH-FACTORS TRANSPLANTATION STROKE THERAPY EXPRESSION Clinical Neurology
Page Range: p. 10
Journal or Publication Title: Behavioural Neurology
Abstract and Indexing: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Quartile : Q3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/2964712
ISSN: 0953-4180
Depositing User: خانم مریم زرقانی
URI: http://repository.zums.ac.ir/id/eprint/599

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