Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Vitamin D3 regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and function in granulosa cells through mitogen activated protein kinase-extracellular signa-regulated kinase pathway in polycystic ovary syndrome mouse model

(2020) Vitamin D3 regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and function in granulosa cells through mitogen activated protein kinase-extracellular signa-regulated kinase pathway in polycystic ovary syndrome mouse model. Human Reproduction. p. 402. ISSN : 0268-1161

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32048305

Abstract

Abstract Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder characterized by oligomenorrhea, anovulation, and hyperandrogenism. Altered mitochondrial biogenesis can result in hyperandrogenism. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of vitamin D3 on mitochondrial biogenesis of the granulosa cells in the PCOS-induced mouse model. Vitamin D3 applies its effect via the mitogen-activated pathway kinase-extracellular signal-regulated kinases (MAPK-ERK1/2) pathway. The PCOS mouse model was induced by the injection of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Isolated granulosa cells were subsequently treated with vitamin D3, MAPK activator, and MAPK inhibitor. Gene expression levels were measured using real-time polymerase chain reaction. MAPK proteins were investigated by western blot analysis. We also determined reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels with 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate. Mitochondrial membrane potential (mtMP) was also measured by TMJC1. Mitochondrial biogenesis (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-α and nuclear respiratory factor), antioxidant (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and catalase), and antiapoptotic (B-cell lymphoma-2) genes were upregulated in the PCOS mice that treated with vitamin D3 compared with the PCOS mice without any treatment. Vitamin D3 and MAPK activator-treated groups also reduced ROS levels compared with the nontreated PCOS group. In summary, vitamin D3 and MAPK activator increased the levels of mitochondrial biogenesis, MAPK pathway, and mtMP markers, while concomitantly decreased ROS levels in granulosa cells of the PCOS-induced mice. This study suggests that vitamin D3 may improve mitochondrial biogenesis through stimulation of the MAPK pathway in cultured granulosa cells of DHEA-induced PCOS mice which yet to be investigated

Item Type: Article
Keywords: MAPK-ERK1/2 pathway; granulosa cell; mitochondrial biogenesis; polycystic ovary syndrome; vitamin D3
Subjects: QS Human Anatomy > QS504-532 Histology
QU Biochemistry. Cell Biology and Genetics > QU 300-560 Cell Biology and Genetics
WP Gynecology and Obstetrics > WP 650-660 Therapy
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Science > Department of Histology and Anatomy
Page Range: p. 402
Journal or Publication Title: Human Reproduction
Abstract and Indexing: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Quartile : Q1
Volume: 34
Publisher: ProQuest
ISSN: : 0268-1161
ISBN: 0268-1161
Depositing User: خانم فائزه مظفری
URI: http://repository.zums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5701

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