Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Compliance of children's play equipment in urban parks of gonabad with national safety standards: A case study

(2019) Compliance of children's play equipment in urban parks of gonabad with national safety standards: A case study. Iran Occupational Health. pp. 13-25. ISSN 1735-5133

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Abstract

Background and aims: Parks are a place for children's play and activity. Safety of these social environments is important in environmental planning. It is necessary to provide quality and sustainable conditions for park playgrounds and equipments to improve the safety and health of children. In general, the play equipments standards are formulated and published by the Institute of Standards & Industrial Research of Iran and the manufacturers are notified and required to design children's play equipment according to the most up-to-date standards. Since the municipality is responsible for purchasing, installing and managing the parks, it is required to purchase equipments with a standard certificate. Given the children's accidents in public parks duewhile usig such equipments, issues related to the safety of play equipment in the parks should be addressed as fast as possible. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the compliance of child play equipments in public parks in Gonabad with safety standards and national standards. Methods: The present study is an applied research conducted by combining descriptive and surveying methods and utilizing experts' ideas and safety standards related to children's play equipments during fall and winter 2017 in Gonabad public parks where a number of children's playground equipment including slides, swing and flip-flop were installed. In this research, the features of each play equipment that should be recognized as safty features were studied. The first step in the process of implementation was to identify all the information assets in the area under investigation so that effective factors in the field of park equipment safety could be identified completely. At this stage, all national standards for the safety of children's playground equipment in the parks were collected, and all the safety aspects related to the safety of slide, swing, and flipflop were extracted from the standards and a researcher-made checklist was developed to examine these equipments in various fields. Safety evaluations of slides, swing and flip-flop were carried out according to the requirements of Institute of Standards & Industrial Research of Iran, standards no. 6436-2, 6436-3 and 6436-6, respectively. The method of data collection was in field and surveying and after evaluation, all non-conformities were collected through observation and check list and their deviation was determined. Results: Based on the results of the present study on swings, there were 11 cases of noncompliance with the standard requirements of 6436-2. In general, the distance between the hanging points contrasts with the standard requirements. The minimum horizontal distance between the two adjacent seats was not observed. The distance from the surface to the rock was less than the standard. The horizontal distance between the swing seat and the adjacent structure is not in accordance with the standard. The results of the slide evaluation showed that there were 25 cases of non-compliance with standard requirements of 6436-3. In 65% of the slides, the horizontal bar is not provided for open access and in 75% of the horizontal bar height was not standard. In 80% of the slides, the side height of the sliding guard was not 500 mm. In 60% of the slides, their starting section does not have a length of at least 350 mm. In 75% of them, the transition from the head section to the exit section is followed by a sudden gradient change. In 55% of the slides, the minimum length of the exit section is not in accordance with the standard. The results of the flip-flop assessment showed that there were generally 9 cases of noncompliance. In general, the swing ground had no suitable impact-absorption surface and back protection. Very low attenuation causes sudden suspicion. No pedestal was considered appropriate for any of the swabs examined. In all parks, the back of the seat had a curvature and was not rounded. Conclusion: The present study showed that in all surveyed parks, there were various inconsistencies in children's play equipment including slide, swing, flip-flop that did not comply with national standards. Accordingly, it is necessary for city managers to consider national standards in the design of this equipment. In Iran, urban design, has no long history, while designing children's playgrounds, especially for the age group of 5 to 12 years, has had less priority. Much research has been done in European and American societies to improve urban spaces and design a new generation of playgrounds for children. But in Eastern societies, especially in Iran, there is no comprehensive study focusing on children's play spaces, especially for children aged 5 to 12 years. The results of evaluating the swings and slides of urban parks using national standards also indicate that there were various mismatches with relevant national standards in all parks. In all swings of all parks, the distance between the hanging points contrasts with the standard requirements of 6436-2. In some parks, the minimum horizontal distance between the two adjacent swing seats is not met, the swing distance from the ground floor is less than the standard, and the horizontal distance between the swing seat and the adjacent structure is not up to the standard. Also, the results of the slides' evaluation showed that the horizontal bar was not provided for the open section, the height of the horizontal bar was not between 600 mm and 900 mm above the starting section, the lateral guard height of the sliding start section is not equal to 500 mm, their start section has no minimum length of 350 mm, the transition of the sliding section to the exit section is performed by abrupt change of slope and the minimum exit section length is not as standard. Accordingly, it is recommended to provide the necessary anthropometric data to design and manufacture ergonomically designed equipment for park safety while introducing integrated management of safety, health and environment, to introduce the game park equipment manufacturers in the country. It is also suggested that the relevant organizations and institutions strive to develop anthropometric and dimensional standards and provide the primary data that play an important role in the safe design of the playground equipment by properly interacting with research centers and the Institute of Standards & Industrial Research of Iran. Finally, the results of the present study emphasize the safety audit and enhancement of the safety level of children's play equipment and state the improvement of the safety level of children's play equipment as a necessity. The design of the slides as well as the modification of the playgrounds of children's playgrounds according to relevant standards should be prioritized. © 2019 Iran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Children,Equipment,Park,Safety,Sliding,Standard
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Occupational Health
Page Range: pp. 13-25
Journal or Publication Title: Iran Occupational Health
Abstract and Indexing: Scopus
Quartile : Q4
Volume: 16
Number: 3
Publisher: http://ioh.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2420-en.pdf
ISSN: 1735-5133
Depositing User: خانم فائزه مظفری
URI: http://repository.zums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5664

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