Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Ergonomics evaluation of school bags in Tehran female primary school children

(2017) Ergonomics evaluation of school bags in Tehran female primary school children. Work-a Journal of Prevention Assessment & Rehabilitation. pp. 175-181. ISSN 1051-9815

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: More than 90 of the elementary school students in the world and most of the Iranian students use backpacks. Heavy school bags, failure to apply ergonomics standards in student's backpacks, and also mismatch between anthropometrics dimensions and schoolbag size are important issues for children's health. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gather baseline information on the average weight carried by female primary students. It also aimed to evaluate ergonomics standards for student backpacks. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 212 Iranian girl students aged 6-11 years. Body weight and bag weight were measured with electronic scales and body mass index calculated with WHO software 2007. A questionnaire was constructed to gather information about the backpacks. Body dimensions were measured with VICON motion Analyze system (460). Ergonomics factors were recorded using a checklist. RESULTS: 80.8 of the students used a backpack at a higher weight than recommended by the standards of 10 of body weight. The most common type of schoolbag used was double strap packs (92.5). The majority of the students carried packs on their backs; however, most of them did not make any adjustments (79.8). The results have shown a mismatch between the anthropometric measures and the student's backpack dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: Parents, students and school staff should be informed about these critical issues as well as suitable controls should be implemented in buying and using the bags.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anthropometry backpack student weight BACKPACK LOAD PLACEMENT NEW-ZEALAND PAIN WEIGHT CARRIAGE SCHOOLCHILDREN WALKING STUDENTS POSTURE DESIGN Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Page Range: pp. 175-181
Journal or Publication Title: Work-a Journal of Prevention Assessment & Rehabilitation
Abstract and Indexing: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Quartile : Q4
Volume: 56
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3233/wor-162469 <Go to ISI>://WOS:000396547500018
ISSN: 1051-9815
Depositing User: خانم مریم زرقانی
URI: http://repository.zums.ac.ir/id/eprint/232

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