Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Mobile DNA Elements: The Seeds of Organic Complexity on Earth

(2015) Mobile DNA Elements: The Seeds of Organic Complexity on Earth. DNA AND CELL BIOLOGY. pp. 597-609.

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Mobile DNA or transposable elements (TEs) are genomic sequences capable of moving themselves independently into different parts of the genome. Viral invasion of eukaryotic genomes is assumed to be the main source of TEs. Selfish transposition of these elements could be a serious threat to the host cell, as they can insert themselves into the middle of coding genes and/or induce genomic instability. In response, through millions of years of evolution, cells have come up with various mechanisms such as genomic imprinting, DNA methylation, heterochromatin formation, and RNA interference to deactivate them. Interestingly, these processes have also greatly contributed to important cellular functions involved in cell differentiation, development, and differential gene expression. Propagation of TE copies during the course of evolution have resulted in increasing the genome size and providing proper space and flexibility in shaping the genome by creating new genes and establishing essential cellular structures such as heterochromatin, centromere, and telomeres. Yet, these elements are mostly labeled for playing a role in pathogenesis of human diseases. Here, we attempt to introduce TEs as factors necessary for making us human rather than just selfish sequences or obligatory guests invading our DNA.

Item Type: Article
Page Range: pp. 597-609
Journal or Publication Title: DNA AND CELL BIOLOGY
Abstract and Indexing: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Quartile : Q3
Volume: 34
Number: 10
Publisher: web of science,pubmed,scopus
Depositing User: خانم مریم زرقانی

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