Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Cell-surface glycosaminoglycans inhibit intranuclear uptake but promote post-nuclear processes of polyamidoamine dendrimer-pDNA transfection

(2013) Cell-surface glycosaminoglycans inhibit intranuclear uptake but promote post-nuclear processes of polyamidoamine dendrimer-pDNA transfection. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. pp. 55-63.

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Background: Interaction of cell-surface glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) with non-viral vectors seems to be an important factor which modifies the intracellular destination of the gene complexes. Intracellular kinetics of polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer as a non-viral vector in cellular uptake, intranuclear delivery and transgene expression of plasmid DNA with regard to the cell-surface GAGs has not been investigated until now. Methods: The physicochemical properties of the PAMAM-pDNA complexes were characterized by photon correlation spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, zeta measurement and agarose gel electrophoresis. The transfection efficiency and toxicity of the complexes at different nitrogen to phosphate (N:P) ratios were determined using various in vitro cell models such as human embryonic kidney cells, chinese hamster ovary cells and its mutants lacking cell-surface GAGs or heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPGs). Cellular uptake, nuclear uptake and transfection efficiency of the complexes were determined using flow cytometry and optimized cell-nuclei isolation with quantitative real-time PCR and luciferase assay. Results: Physicochemical studies showed that PAMAM dendrimer binds pDNA efficiently, forms small complexes with high positive zeta potential and transfects cells properly at N:P ratios around 5 and higher. The cytotoxicity could be a problem at N:Ps higher than 10. GAGs elimination caused nearly one order of magnitude higher pDNA nuclear uptake and more than 2.6-fold higher transfection efficiency than CHO parent cells. However, neither AUC of nuclear uptake, nor AUC of transfection affected significantly by only cell-surface HSPGs elimination and interesting data related to the effect of GAGs on intranuclear pDNA using PAMAM as delivery vector have been reported in this study. Conclusion: Presented data shows that the rate-limiting step of PAMAM-pDNA complexes transfection is located after delivery to the cell nucleus and GAGs are regarded as an inhibitor of the intranuclear delivery step, while slightly promotes transgene expression. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Author Keywords:Glycosaminoglycan; Polyamidoamine dendrimer; Transfection; Intranuclear kinetics; Intracellular kinetics; Heparan sulphate proteoglycan KeyWords Plus:PHOTON-CORRELATION SPECTROSCOPY; ATOMIC-FORCE MICROSCOPY; DELIVERY IN-VITRO; GENE DELIVERY; EXTRACELLULAR GLYCOSAMINOGLYCANS; PAMAM DENDRIMERS; DNA; POLYMERS; PROTEOGLYCANS; CYTOTOXICITY
Page Range: pp. 55-63
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Abstract and Indexing: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Quartile : Q2
Volume: 48
Number: 1-2
Publisher: scopus
Depositing User: خانم مریم زرقانی

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