Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Smoking status in Iranian male adolescents: A cross-sectional study and a meta-analysis

(2013) Smoking status in Iranian male adolescents: A cross-sectional study and a meta-analysis. Addictive Behaviors. pp. 2214-2218.

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The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of smoking status and its associated factors in Iranian adolescents and a meta-analysis of recent cross-sectional studies in order to estimate the corresponding prevalence for all Iranian adolescents. In a cross-sectional study, 1064 male high school students in Zanjan city (northwest of Iran) were recruited. A self-administered questionnaire was used for smoking status and associated factors. Through the meta-analysis, all relevant published studies were reviewed. Almost one-third of adolescents (34.2%, n =354) have experienced smoking either experimentally (23.4%, n=242), or regularly (10.8%, n=112). Multivariate analysis showed that older age (OR = 1.20; 95% CI: 1.05-1.37), risky behaviors (OR=1.83; 1.25-2.68), Tramadol medication (OR = 2.19; 1.54-3.11), low self-esteem (OR 1.07; 1.03-1.11), positive attitude toward smoking (OR= 1.15; 1.09-1.21), positive thinking about smoking (OR= 1.07; 1.01-1.14) and having smoker friends (OR= 1.94; 1.36-2.77) were significantly associated with cigarette smoking in adolescents. Meta-analysis results showed that 7% of Iranian adolescents are regular smokers and 27% are experimenters. Increasing prevalence of smoking in Iranian adolescents is a major concern for public health. Controlling risky behaviors and increasing health education are recommended. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Author Keywords:Adolescents; Iranian; Smoking status; Meta-analysis KeyWords Plus:PEER INFLUENCE; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; ACQUISITION; PREVALENCE; TRAMADOL; BEHAVIOR; PREGNANCY; STUDENTS; RISK
Page Range: pp. 2214-2218
Journal or Publication Title: Addictive Behaviors
Abstract and Indexing: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Quartile : Q2
Volume: 38
Number: 6
Publisher: scopus
Depositing User: خانم مریم زرقانی

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