Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Psychological assessment of chemical injured war veterans compared to non-chemical injured war veterans

(2012) Psychological assessment of chemical injured war veterans compared to non-chemical injured war veterans. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry. pp. 189-194.

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Abstract

Introduction: Chemical weapons induce various and long-lasting physical complications that can affect mental health. We assessed the psychiatric status of chemical and non-chemical injured war veterans. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on chemical and non-chemical war injured veterans. The Persian version of the Beck Depressive Inventory, Social Anxiety Scale and both the PTSD Checklist-Military and Impact of Event Scale-Revised were used for evaluation of psychiatric condition. Data were analyzed and compared using SPSS version 16 and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of clinical depression was 47.5% and 48.3%, for anxiety it was 11.3% and 7.9%, and for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) it was 40% and 28.1% in chemical and non-chemical injured veterans, respectively. Depression, anxiety and PTSD prevalence and scales did not show any significant difference between chemical and non-chemical war injured veterans (P<0.05). There was a relationship between these variables and some factors, such as type of soldier dispatch by military organizations (P<0.05) and their occupations (P<0.05), but there was no relationship between these and accident time, literacy, and type of chemical agents (P>0.05). Discussion: In the literature, the mental health of civilians who have been exposed to chemical agents could be affected because of long-term adverse consequences, but in the present study psychological condition did not show any difference between chemical and non-chemical war injured veterans. Further investigation on veterans is necessary. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Israel | Middle East | stress disorder
Page Range: pp. 189-194
Journal or Publication Title: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry
Abstract and Indexing: ISI, Scopus
Quartile : Q3
Volume: 4
Number: 3
Publisher: scopus
Depositing User: خانم مریم زرقانی
URI: http://repository.zums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1466

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