Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زنجان

Co-encapsulation of a drug with a protein in erythrocytes for improved drug loading and release: Phenytoin and bovine serum albumin

(2011) Co-encapsulation of a drug with a protein in erythrocytes for improved drug loading and release: Phenytoin and bovine serum albumin. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. pp. 46-59.

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to use a novel co-encapsulation method to prepare phenytoin-loaded human erythrocytes with improved loading parameters and release profiles. Carrier erythrocytes co-encapsulated by phenytoin and the model protein, bovine serum albumin, were prepared using the hypotonic pre-swelling method. A series of in vitro characterization tests were carried out on the carrier cells including loading parameters, drug and hemoglobin release, hematological indices, particle size analysis, osmotic fragility, turbulence fragility and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Co-encapsulation with bovine serum albumin (BSA) resulted in about 8-times higher drug loading in erythrocytes with biphasic release trend instead of triphasic in the case of drug-alone loading. In comparison to the normal unloaded cells, hemoglobin content of the cells was decreased in the case of both drug and drug/protein loading, apparent cell sizes remained unchanged, cell shapes were changed to more spherical rather than biconcave discoid, and the osmotic as well as turbulence fragilities were higher in the case of drug/protein but were unchanged in the case of drug-alone loading. The most profound finding of this study was the possibility of achieving remarkably higher drug loading and more controllable drug release profile in the case of drug/protein loading with no unwanted in vitro characteristics change.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: KeyWords Plus:IN-VITRO CHARACTERIZATION; CARRIER ERYTHROCYTES; DELIVERY; ENALAPRILAT
Page Range: pp. 46-59
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Abstract and Indexing: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Quartile : Q3
Volume: 14
Number: 1
Publisher: scopus
Depositing User: خانم مریم زرقانی
URI: http://repository.zums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1267

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